Sittwe is the capital of Rakhine (Arakan) State in Western Myanmar. The old and bustling city is located on the island at the confluence of the Kaladan , Laymyo and Mayu Rivers, and it’s western boundary is the Bay of Bengal. It is also the gate way to the ancient city of Mrauk U. Following the first British annexation to Myanmar, Sittwe became the trading sea port, it remains as the main sea port of Rakhine State today. Fishing, fish farming, producing and warehousing of fishery products are the main businesses in Sittwe.
The Buddhist Museum in Sittwe houses a good collections of RAkhine style Buddha images. View Point, more commonly know as “Point”, located on the southern tip of the city where the Bay of Bengal and the mount of the Kladan River meet, is one of the main attractions.
Mrauk U, the capital of the last Rakhine Kingdom, is an archeologically important ancient town in northern Rakhine State of Myanmar. It was built in 1431 AD by King Min Saw Mon and remained its capital until 1785 AD. It is situated between Kaladan and Lay Mro Rivers and is surrounded by hills in the north and the south. It can be reached by boat from Sittwe, the boat journey takes about five hours.
P>Every mound and every hill within the Mrauk U city wall are dotted with Buddha images, pagodas, temples and ordination halls built with sandstones. Below are some of the famous and note-worthy religious monuments in Mrauk U.
- Htukkanthein Temple (Cross-Beam ordination hall) built in 1571 AD
- Shite-thaung Temple (Temple of 80,000 Buddha images) built in 1535 AD
- Andaw-thein ordination hall, which shrined the a tooth relic of Buddha, built in 1521 AD
- Ratana-pon Pagoda, built in 1612 by King Khamaung and his Queen Shin Htway
- Koe-thaung Temple (Temple of 90,000 Buddha images) built between 1554 and 1556 by King Dikkha
Soil is rich in Mrauk U and paddy is easily grown there. Mrauk U also have approximately 100 species of mammals (wild boars, stags, hogs, barking deer, leopards, wild cats, jackals, moneys and bears), 300 species of birds (jungle fowl, house crow, house sparrow, jungle sparrow, robin, hawks, owls, hornbiils, woodpeckers, imperial pigeon, green pigeon and wild ducks) wander in the surrounding hills and a varieties of wild animals roam around the nearby countryside. Famous royal elephants in Myanmar were once found in the forests of northern hills, however they have now migrated to Maru Ridge, northwest of Mrauk-U.
Sittwe & Mrauk U Images